PEN Academic Publishing   |  ISSN: 1309-0682

Orjinal Araştırma Makalesi | Akdeniz Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi 2019, Cil. 13(28) 126-144

An Investigation of Turkish Cultures of Learning Within the Framework of Turkish ELT Curricula

Ahmet Acar

ss. 126 - 144   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/mjer.2019.202.7   |  Makale No: MANU-1901-17-0002.R1

Yayın tarihi: Haziran 30, 2019  |   Okunma Sayısı: 30  |  İndirilme Sayısı: 73


Özet

Since English as an international language does not belong to a certain country or a certain culture, an appropriate methodology for teaching English as an international language should not be informed by a western methodology but by a methodology informed by the local culture of learning of a particular teaching context (for example, culture of learning of the Turkish people). For this reason, while the current communicative approach, which is often characterized by a western culture of learning, promotes a certain set of assumptions about language or language learning which must be adopted in all cultural contexts, the teaching of EIL approach suggests devising methodologies appropriate to the local culture of learning (for example, Turkish culture of learning). This paper aims to explore the Turkish students’ culture of learning English. To specify the Turkish students’ culture of learning English, a survey was constructed and administered to 1130 students in the second cycle (grade 8.) of public primary schools in İzmir, Turkey. The results of this survey reveal that Turkish students of English display some characteristics which are not in line with the characteristics of the communicative approach and the pedagogic principles of both 2013 and 2018 Turkish ELT curricula. The data are discussed to shed light on devising appropriate methodologies appropriate to the Turkish students’ culture of learning English in Turkey.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Cultures of learning, English as an international language pedagogy, Turkish ELT curriculum, communicative approach


Bu makaleye nasıl atıf yapılır?

APA 6th edition
Acar, A. (2019). An Investigation of Turkish Cultures of Learning Within the Framework of Turkish ELT Curricula . Akdeniz Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi, 13(28), 126-144. doi: 10.29329/mjer.2019.202.7

Harvard
Acar, A. (2019). An Investigation of Turkish Cultures of Learning Within the Framework of Turkish ELT Curricula . Akdeniz Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi, 13(28), pp. 126-144.

Chicago 16th edition
Acar, Ahmet (2019). "An Investigation of Turkish Cultures of Learning Within the Framework of Turkish ELT Curricula ". Akdeniz Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi 13 (28):126-144. doi:10.29329/mjer.2019.202.7.

Kaynakça
  1. Acar, A. (2007). Standards and competence in English as an international language pedagogy. Journal of English as an International language, 2, 65-81. [Google Scholar]
  2. Aydın, B. (2017). Türkiye’de Hazırlık Okullarında Yaşanan Sorunlara Bir Çözüm Önerisi: Anadolu Üniversitesi Örneği. Ankara: Pegem Akademi. [Google Scholar]
  3. Alptekin, C. (2002). Towards intercultural communicative competence in ELT. ELT Journal, 56(1), 57-64. [Google Scholar]
  4. Canale, M. 1983. ‘From communicative competence to communicative language pedagogy’ in J. C. Richards and R. W. Schmidt (eds.). Language and Communication. London: Longman. [Google Scholar]
  5. Cortazzi, M., & Jin, L. (1996). Cultures of learning: Language classrooms in China. In H. Coleman (Ed.), Society and the language classroom (pp. 169-206). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [Google Scholar]
  6. Ellis, G. (1996). How culturally appropriate is the communicative approach? ELT Journal, 50(3), 213-218. [Google Scholar]
  7. Flowerdew, J. and Miller, L. (1995). On the notion of culture in second language lectures. TESOL Quarterly, 29(2), 345-374. [Google Scholar]
  8. Kachru, B.B. (1985). Standards, codification and sociolinguistic realism: The English language in the outer circle. In R. Quirk and H. Widdowson (Eds.), English in the world: Teaching and learning the language and literatures (pp. 11-30). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [Google Scholar]
  9. Kachru, B.B. (1990). World Englishes and applied linguistics. World Englishes, 9(1),3-20. [Google Scholar]
  10. Kachru, B.B. (1992). Models for non-native Englishes. In B.B. Kachru (Ed.), The other tongue: English across cultures (2nd ed.) (pp. 48-74). Urbana: University of Illinois Press. [Google Scholar]
  11. Kramsch, C. and P. Sullivan. (1996). ‘Appropriate pedagogy’. ELT Journal, 50(3), 199–212. [Google Scholar]
  12. McKay, S.L. (2002). Teaching English as an international language: Rethinking goals and approaches. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [Google Scholar]
  13. McKay, S. L. (2003). Toward an appropriate EIL pedagogy: Re-examining common ELT assumptions. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 13(1), 1-22. [Google Scholar]
  14. Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı¸ (MEB) [Turkish Ministry of National Education]. (2013). İlköğretim Kurumları (İlkokullar ve Ortaokullar) İngilizce Dersi (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 ve 8. Sınıflar) Öğretim Programı [Elementary (Primary and Lower Second¬ary) English Language Teaching Program (Grades 2-8)]. Ankara: T.C. Millî Eğitim Bakanlığı. [Google Scholar]
  15. Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı¸ (MEB) [Turkish Ministry of National Education]. (2018). İngilizce Dersi Öğretim Programı (İlkokul ve Ortaokul 2,3,4,5,6,7 ve 8. Sınıflar) [English Language Teaching Program (Primary and Second¬ary Schools Grades 2,3,4,5,6,7 and 8)]. Ankara: T.C. Millî Eğitim Bakanlığı. [Google Scholar]
  16. Nunn, R. 2011. ‘From Defining to Developing Competence in EIL and Intercultural Communication.’  Journal of English as an International Language, 6/1: 21-46. [Google Scholar]
  17. Puren, C. (2014). Approche communicative et perspective actionnelle, deux organismes méthodologiques génétiquement opposés… et complémentaires. Retrieved from (17 March 2018)  https://www.christianpuren.com/mes-travaux/2014a/. [Google Scholar]
  18. Richards, J.C. (2006). Communicative Language Teaching Today. New York: Cambridge University Press. [Google Scholar]
  19. Saydı, T. (2015). L’approche actionnelle et ses particularités en comparaison avec l’approche communicative, Synergies Turquie, 8, 13-28. [Google Scholar]
  20. Swan, M. (1985). A critical look at the Communicative Approach (2). ELT Journal, 39(2), 76-87. [Google Scholar]